Res Communis Blog RSS

Category Archives: Space Law

Disasters Charter: Flood in Sudan

The Disasters Charter was activated for a Flood in Sudan:

Flood in Sudan

Type of Event: Flood
Location of Event: Sudan
Date of Charter Activation: 05 August 2014
Charter Requestor: UNITAR/UNOSAT on behalf of UNOCHA
Project Management: China Center for Resources Satellite Data and Application (CRESDA)

Description of the Event
Several weeks of heavy rain have caused floods in Sudan which have left approximately 39 people dead and 6000 homeless.

Sudan’s rain season began in July and since then the floods have affected eight of Sudan’s eighteen states, particularly the River Nile and North Kordofan states, where much of the damage has taken place. It has been estimated that 3000 homes were destroyed by the flooding and a further 2000 damaged.

The capital city, Khartoum, has also been affected, and hundreds of people are currently left homeless in the city. Residents have stated dissatisfaction with the nation’s sewage network, which is ill-equipped to channel flood waters out of areas of habitation. The result is lingering flood waters which are a breeding ground for disease.
Volunteers in affected areas have attempted to keep back the flood waters with improvised barriers, but there are concerns over the long-term impact of the flooding, and over the risk of more rain to come in the following weeks.

FacebookTwitterGoogle+TumblrLinkedInEvernoteDiggSlashdotEmailShare

DoD and SDA sign Space Situational Awareness Agreement

Source – Space Newsfeed:

Space Data Association and US DoD sign space situational awareness agreement
(8 August 2014) The United States Department of Defense (US DoD) has signed an agreement with the Space Data Association (SDA) to participate in the DoD’s Space Situational Awareness Data Sharing Program, the first such agreement with a non-satellite operator.

The United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) is responsible for administering the SSA Data Sharing Program, which is intended to increase the safety, security, and sustainability of the space domain by enhancing space situational awareness through a series of basic and advanced services including anomaly resolution, collision avoidance, conjunction assessment, end of life disposal, deorbit and re-entry planning support, launch support, and EMI investigation. Under the agreement, the U.S. DoD and SDA will now be able to formally collaborate on matters concerning space situational awareness, including mitigation of electromagnetic interference (EMI) and radiofrequency interference (RFI). . . . [Full Story]

ECSL Space Law Essay Contest

Source – ECSL:

ECSL Essay Competition

Essay Competition 2014

12 August 2014
In accordance with ECSL’s objectives, to promote knowledge of and interest in the law relating to space activities through the promotion of research activities, it has been decided by the ECSL Board to inaugurate the first ECSL Essay Competition.
The competition will challenge students to think critically about a particular topic in space law and policy and to present cogent arguments in support of a position. Students will have the valuable opportunity to build upon their own knowledge of space law and policy whilst practising and refining their analytical and research skills.

The subject chosen by the Board for the 1st ECSL Essay Competition is ‘What are the main legal issues raised by space mining?

ECSL ESSAY COMPETITION RULES

1. Participation

(i) Eligibility
The Essay Competition is open to all students from ESA Member States currently undertaking a university degree course up to (and including) a Masters degree, in any discipline.

(ii) Registration
Owing to limited resources, the ECSL can only accept a limited number of entries. Those wishing to enter the competition must therefore register on a first-come-first-serve basis. Make sure you are registered before beginning your essay.

Registration will open from the 31st August. Registration will close on 15th November or as soon as the maximum number of applications have been received. Once registration is full a notice will appear on the website.

To register, simply send an email to the ECSL Executive Secretary at ecsl@esa.int who will provide you with a short registration form.

Once registered you will receive a candidate number

2. Format

(i) Language
Essays must be written in English.

(ii) Anonymity
In order to protect anonymity and to ensure a fair process, neither the name of the applicant nor the name of his/her university must appear anywhere in the submitted essay.

Students should instead write their candidate number on the first and last pages.

(iii) Software
Essays should be written using Microsoft Word.

(iv) Length
The body of the essay should not exceed 12 pages (including the footnotes) spaced 1.5, ‘normal’ 1″ margins all around, in Times New Roman, size 12. A covering sheet and bibliography should be added separately. All pages must be numbered.

(v) Plagiarism
Plagiarism is cause for immediate disqualification. You are free to take ideas from copyrighted works (e.g. use the same court decision paragraph for your own analysis), but please do not copy or paraphrase ideas expressed previously by others.

Be sure to provide proper references for any material you cite from other sources and for observations or conclusions derived from others’ work. The ECSL recommends the Bluebook Uniform System of Citation. A helpful guide can be found by following the link on the top right hand side of this page.

3. Deadline

Essays must be submitted by 30th November at 23:59 via e-mail (Word/pdf) to the ECSL Executive Secretary at ecsl@esa.int

4. Assessment

(i) The Jury
The Jury shall be composed of a distinguished panel of professors in the field of space law.

(ii) Assessment Criteria
Participants should seek to fulfil the following assessment criteria in their essays:

– A logical presentation of subject matter and issues presented
– A clear understanding of applicable legal rules
– Evidence of research
– Originality of arguments
– Writing style and grammar

(iii) No Appeals
The decision of the Jury is final. No appeals will be entertained.

(iv) Announcement of Results
Results of the competition will be announced on the ESCL website by 31st January. All participants who submitted essays will be informed via email.

(v) Feedback
Unfortunately, it is not possible to provide individual feedback for each of the essays submitted. Instead, the ECSL will release an model answer (in outline) to participating students after the results are announced.

5. Prizes

Essay competition winners shall be presented with their awards during the ECSL Practitioners’ Forum in the same year the results are announced.

First Prize: Reasonable costs of transport and accommodation to attend the ECSL Practionners’ Forum. The winning essay will be published on the ECSL website.

Second Prize: 2nd Place Certificate, ECSL membership for one year (free admission to the Practitioners’ Forum), special mention at the Forum and in the ECSL Newsletter & a selected publication on space law.

Third Prize: 3rd Place Certificate, ECSL membership for one year (free admission to the Practitioners’ Forum), special mention at the Forum and in the ECSL Newsletter & a selected publication on space law.

6. Further Terms and Conditions of Participation

The ECSL reserves the right to disqualify essays which do not comply with any of the rules above.

Participants accept all responsibility for late, lost, misdirected or illegible entries.

In consideration for the opportunity to enter the ECSL Essay Competition, participants agree to allow ECSL to use their names and essays on the ECSL website.

By entering, participants agree to be bound by these rules and the decisions of the judges and ECSL.

7. Enquiries

For further information, please contact the ECSL Executive Secretary at ecsl@esa.int

Library: A Round-up of Reading

Space Law
David C. DeFrieze, Defining and Regulating the Weaponization of Space, JFQ 74

Roscosmos suggests starting the creation of moon base elements and exploration robots – ITAR-TASS

Mining the Moon? Space Property Rights Still Unclear, Experts Say – Yahoo News

Japan's Military Will Patrol Earth's Orbit – Mina

SpaceX Gets its Incentives for Texas Spaceport and Launches AsiaSat 8 – NASA Watch

Bolden Doubts NASA Authorization Bill This Year – Space News

Baikonur Cosmodrome Could Stop Receiving Financing in 2016 – Space Daily

NASA Experts, Russia Sign Radiation Safety Protocol Despite Sanctions – Space Mart

Japan's Military to Track Space Junk By 2019: Report – Space.com

UK CAA releases report on regulation of suborbital flights – Flight Laws

Notwithstanding Sanctions, ULA Standing By for RD-180 Deliveries through 2017 – Space News

Space Could Be the Next Battlefield for China and Japan – Motherboard

NRO Disputes Major Finding of Congressional Report – Space News

UK to Launch Commercial Spaceport by 2018 – Space.com

As Texas celebrates winning SpaceX spaceport, Florida regroups – Space Polictics

Spaceports – A Growth Industry – NASA Watch

Russian Sanctions Against US and EU Steer Clear of Space Cooperation – Space Policy Online

Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee; Open Meeting 16-17 Sep 2014 – SpaceRef

Texas Offers SpaceX $15 Million in Incentives to Build Private Spaceport – Space.com

US looks to Japan space program to close Pacific communications gap – Space War

Coming Soon: Online Public File Obligations for Cable, Satellite . . . AND Radio? – CommLaw Blog

Dismissed SpaceX Employees Sue over Lack of Warning – Space News

SDA, U.S. Strategic Command Sign Cooperative Accord – Space News

SpaceX Faces Class Action Suit Over Layoffs – NASA Watch

Aviation Law
Proposal would limit drone usage in Phoenix – AZ Central

FAA Confirms Barter May Be Used For Aircraft Rental And Expense – AViation Law Discussions

2014 Internet Law Casebook and Syllabus Now Available – Technology and Marketing Law Blog

Analyst calls for UK politicians to declare airport support – Learmount

California Changes the Test of Significance for Traffic Impacts Under CEQA – Aviation & Airport Development Law Blog

Russian Bombers Regularly Violating U.S. Airspace – ANN

Ethics Committee Goes After Monica Ribbeck Kelly for "Frivolous" MH370 Filing – Aviation Law Monitor

Geospatial Law
The UN Committee of Experts draft a new Geodetic resolution – GeoConnexion

Cyberlaw
Myth Busting?: NSA Mass Foreign Surveillance Over 30 Years Ago – Just Security

Obama Contradicts FCC Chief on Fast Lanes, Net Neutrality Backers Say – Motherboard

Hardware “Security” and a DMCA Takedown Notice – Hack-a-Day

The Russia-Ukraine Internet Censorship War Rages On – Vice

No, Twitter will not topple a crazy North Korean dictator – Salon

The US Intelligence Community has a Third Leaker – Schneier on Security

Dan Geer Cybersecurity Keynote at Black Hat – Lawfare

COPPA’s “Safe Harbor” Grows with FTC’s Approval of iKeepSafe’s Self-Regulating Framework – Privacy and Security Law Blog

A TALE OF TWO PROCESSES – IGP

What Kind of Internet Do We Want To Leave for our Children? – DipNote

Australian Proposal Would Require Suspicionless Domestic Spying by ISPs – EFF

Malware Traffic Spikes Preceded Russian and Israeli Conflicts – MIT Technology Review

Dentons Opens Space Law Practice Group

Source – Washington Post:

International law firm Dentons has created a practice group focused on representing companies that manufacture, operate and invest in satellites, as it eyes potential in the fast-growing commercial space industry.

The new group is led by attorneys Del Smith, Liz Evans and Deepak Reddy, who recently joined Dentons from Jones Day. Smith is in Washington and Evans and Reddy are in New York. The group includes 15 attorneys spread across 10 of the firm’s offices around the world, whose legal expertise spans mergers and acquisitions, finance, restructuring, regulatory, insurance, intellectual property, antitrust and litigation. . . . [Full Story]

China-Italy Space Cooperation

Source – ASI:

Italy and China, cooperation in space
The head of the Chinese Space Agency in Italy for a two-day institutional visit. The CNSA President Xu Dazhe meets the Minister Giannini in Rome. A letter of intent signed at the ASI headquarters to establish a Cooperation Committee. Followed by a visit to the TAS-I plant

22 Jul 2014
A large delegation from the Chinese Space Agency (CNSA), led by the President Xu Dazhe, today concluded two days full of institutional appointments in Italy.

This morning, accompanied by the ASI President Roberto Battiston, the delegation paid a visit to the Thales Alenia Space Italy (TAS-I) plant in L’Aquila, while yesterday Dazhe and Battiston met the Minister of Education, University and Research Stefania Giannini at Palazzo Madama, in Rome, and then signed an important cooperation agreement at the ASI headquarters.

“The mutual interest of cooperation between the Italian and the Chinese industry was reaffirmed with the support of the relevant space agencies” said Battiston. “The agreement that we signed – he continued – will serve to create a format not only for research but also for the industrial business plan”.

Several distinctions in the Italian aerospace industry were presented to the Eastern partners during the visit to L’Aquila. Elisio Prette, president and CEO of TAS-I, opened the meeting, later giving way to the Vice President Giovanni Fuggetta for a speech titled “The New L’Aquila plant”.

Following, the presentation of Telespazio by the CEO Luigi Pasquali and that of E-geos by the CEO Marcello Maranesi. The contribution of Battiston and a visit to the TAS-I facilities closed the day.

Yesterday, Dahze and Battiston met the Minister Stefania Giannini in the centre of Rome, and then onto the headquarters of the Italian Space Agency at the Tor Vergata University of Rome.

Here the two presidents of the respective national agencies formally confirmed the mutual commitment to strengthen the bilateral cooperation in the space sector in a long-term strategic vision, with the signing of a letter of intent establishing a specific Committee: the Joint Space Cooperation Committee (JSCC), responsible for identifying every possible area of bilateral cooperation.

The JSCC, chaired by the heads of the two agencies and composed of their representatives, will evaluate the opportunity for partners to collaborate in the analysis and exchange of satellite data for environmental monitoring and for the prevention of natural disasters, in the study of polarization phenomena of celestial bodies and X Ray Timing and monitoring of gravity. The committee will also be responsible for promoting the cooperation between the two countries for research on dark matter, cosmic radiation and the robotics and astrophysics fields.

The JSCC, among others, will consider a proposal to establish a joint space science and technology laboratory through the support of Universities and Research Institutes. The meeting follows the signing of the Framework Agreement between ASI and CNSA signed on November 23, 2011 in Beijing.

Disasters Charter: Landslide in Nepal

The Disasters Charter was activated for a Landslide in Nepal:

Landslide in Nepal

Type of Event: Landslide
Location of Event: Sindhupalchowk District, Nepal
Date of Charter Activation: 05 August 2014
Charter Requestor: Asia Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC) on behalf of ICIMOD
Project Management: Asian Institute of Technology (AIT)

Description of the Event
Ten people have been confirmed killed in a landslide in the Sindhupalchowk District of Nepal and over a hundred more are believed lost. The landslide occurred on 02 August 2014 following heavy rain.

Landslides are common in Nepal during this time of year, when rain falls on the nation’s mountainous terrain. But this landslide brought debris and rocks down on Mankha village, burying dozens of houses and 159 people. Despite search efforts, by 04 August rescue workers announced that there was no longer any hope of saving the 159 missing victims.

The landslide has blocked part of the Araniko Highway; an important, but notoriously dangerous, route which leads to Nepal’s capital city, Kathmandu. Rescue workers have been cutting temporary routes through the debris in order to get supplies through to the victims of the landslide.

Of great concern is the landslide’s impact on Sunkoshi River. Debris from the landslide also blocked part of this river and formed a growing lake. It was feared that the lake would burst through the debris and the excess water flood villages along the river and even into neighbouring India. 100,000 people were evacuated in India due to concerns over the potential flood, but in Nepal the army has carefully been clearing debris on the river and slowly letting the water through so that it does not flood. While there are still concerns over potential flooding, it has been reported that the water level is dropping.

Five hundred tourists were additionally left stranded by the landslide. Hiking in the mountains when the landslide occurred, their guides brought the tourists safely to Tatopani town where they were later rescued on 04 August.
Emergency workers and soldiers are working together to treat the wounded in Sindhupalchowk district, to salvage what remains from the landslide, and to recover the bodies of its victims.

EU to Make Decision on Cooperation with Russia in Lunar Exploration

Source – Satnews Daily:

Russia + European Space Agency—Decision On ESA Inclusion Set For December (Government)

[SatNews] A final decision on the European Space Agency’s (ESA) participation in Russia’s lunar program will be taken in December 2014, Igor Mitrofanov from the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Space Research said on Sunday.

“Europeans want to cooperate with Russia on the lunar program,” Mitrofanov, who is the director of the Institute’s nuclear planetology department, told the COSPAR (Committee on Space Research) Scientific Assembly. “The final decision on their participation will be taken at a ministerial conference of the European Space Agency’s member countries.” . . . [Full Story]

State Department Alleges Chinese ASAT Test

The State Department has accused China of engaging in an ASAT test. Here’s a round up of resources from around the web:

U.S. Says China Tested Anti-satellite Missile – Space News

U.S. Accuses China of Conducting Another ASAT Test – Space Policy Online

U.S. State Department: China Tested Anti-satellite Weapon – Space News

Chinese anti-satellite test? – Behind the Black

Report: State Dept. Calls on China to End Anti-Satellite Missile Development – Missile Threat

China Developing Capability To Kill Satellites, Experts Say – Missile Threat