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Category Archives: Space

EU to Make Decision on Cooperation with Russia in Lunar Exploration

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Source – Satnews Daily:

Russia + European Space Agency—Decision On ESA Inclusion Set For December (Government)

[SatNews] A final decision on the European Space Agency’s (ESA) participation in Russia’s lunar program will be taken in December 2014, Igor Mitrofanov from the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Space Research said on Sunday.

“Europeans want to cooperate with Russia on the lunar program,” Mitrofanov, who is the director of the Institute’s nuclear planetology department, told the COSPAR (Committee on Space Research) Scientific Assembly. “The final decision on their participation will be taken at a ministerial conference of the European Space Agency’s member countries.” . . . [Full Story]

State Department Alleges Chinese ASAT Test

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The State Department has accused China of engaging in an ASAT test. Here’s a round up of resources from around the web:

U.S. Says China Tested Anti-satellite Missile – Space News

U.S. Accuses China of Conducting Another ASAT Test – Space Policy Online

U.S. State Department: China Tested Anti-satellite Weapon – Space News

Chinese anti-satellite test? – Behind the Black

Report: State Dept. Calls on China to End Anti-Satellite Missile Development – Missile Threat

China Developing Capability To Kill Satellites, Experts Say – Missile Threat

EVENT: United Nations/China/APSCO Workshop on Space Law The Role of National Space Legislation in Strengthening the Rule of Law 17 to 21 November 2014, Beijing, China

at 08:54 | Posted in: Space Law Current Events | Comments Off on EVENT: United Nations/China/APSCO Workshop on Space Law The Role of National Space Legislation in Strengthening the Rule of Law 17 to 21 November 2014, Beijing, China

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The United Nations/China/APSCO Workshop on Space Law: The Role of National Space Legislation in Strengthening the Rule of Law will be held on 17 to 21 November 2014 in Beijing, China. The application form is due on August 15, and there is more information in the Information Note.

H.R.5063: ASTEROIDS Act

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H.R.5063: ASTEROIDS Act was introduced on July 10, 2014 by Rep. Bill Posey:

[Congressional Bills 113th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 5063 Introduced in House (IH)]

113th CONGRESS
2d Session
H. R. 5063

To promote the development of a commercial asteroid resources industry
for outer space in the United States and to increase the exploration
and utilization of asteroid resources in outer space.

_______________________________________________________________________

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

July 10, 2014

Mr. Posey (for himself and Mr. Kilmer) introduced the following bill;
which was referred to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology

_______________________________________________________________________

A BILL

To promote the development of a commercial asteroid resources industry
for outer space in the United States and to increase the exploration
and utilization of asteroid resources in outer space.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the “American Space Technology for
Exploring Resource Opportunities In Deep Space Act” or the “ASTEROIDS
Act”.

SEC. 2. TITLE 51 AMENDMENT.

(a) In General.–Subtitle V of title 51, United States Code, is
amended by adding at the end the following new chapter:

“CHAPTER 513–ASTEROID RESOURCE EXPLORATION AND UTILIZATION

“Sec.
“51301. Commercialization of asteroid resource exploration and
utilization in outer space.
“51302. Legal framework.
“51303. Definitions.
“Sec. 51301. Commercialization of asteroid resource exploration and
utilization in outer space
“The President, through the Administration, the Federal Aviation
Administration, and other appropriate Federal agencies, shall–
“(1) facilitate the commercial exploration and utilization
of asteroid resources to meet national needs;
“(2) discourage government barriers to the development of
economically viable, safe, and stable industries for the
exploration and utilization of asteroid resources in outer
space in manners consistent with the existing international
obligations of the United States;
“(3) promote the right of United States commercial
entities to explore and utilize resources from asteroids in
outer space, in accordance with the existing international
obligations of the United States, free from harmful
interference, and to transfer or sell such resources; and
“(4) develop the frameworks necessary to meet the
international obligations of the United States.
“Sec. 51302. Legal framework
“(a) Property Rights.–Any resources obtained in outer space from
an asteroid are the property of the entity that obtained such
resources, which shall be entitled to all property rights thereto,
consistent with applicable provisions of Federal law.
“(b) Freedom From Harmful Interference.–As between any entities
over which the United States can exercise jurisdiction, any assertion
of superior right to execute specific commercial asteroid resource
utilization activities in outer space shall prevail if it is found to
be first in time, derived upon a reasonable basis, and in accordance
with all existing international obligations of the United States.
“(c) Safety of Operations.–A United States commercial asteroid
resource utilization entity shall avoid harmful interference to other
spacecraft.
“(d) Relief From Harmful Interference.–A United States commercial
asteroid resource utilization entity may bring an action for
appropriate legal or equitable relief, or both, under this chapter for
any action, by another private entity, compromising the right to
conduct its operations free of harmful interference.
“(e) Exclusive Jurisdiction.–The district courts of the United
States shall have exclusive jurisdiction of an action under this
chapter without regard to the amount in controversy.
“Sec. 51303. Definitions
“For the purposes of this chapter:
“(1) State.–The term `State’ means any of the several
States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto
Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any other
commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.
“(2) United states commercial asteroid resource
utilization entity.–The term `United States commercial
asteroid resource utilization entity’ means a person or company
providing asteroid exploration or utilization services, the
control of which is held by persons other than a Federal,
State, local, or foreign government, that is–
“(A) duly organized under the laws of a State;
“(B) subject to the subject matter and personal
jurisdiction of the courts of the United States; or
“(C) a foreign entity that has voluntarily
submitted to the subject matter and personal
jurisdiction of the courts of the United States.”.
(b) Clerical Amendment.–The table of chapters for title 51, United
States Code, is amended by adding at the end of the items for subtitle
V the following:

“513. Asteroid resource exploration and utilization…….. 51301”.

In Memoriam: Prof. Dr. Gennady P. Zhukov

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Prof. Dr. Gennady P. Zhukov has passed away. The IISL website has a full obituary.

Prof. Dr Gennady P. Zhukov (1924-2014)
23 July 2014

The International Institute of Space Law is sad to note the passing of Prof. Dr Gennady P. Zhukov.

Prof. Zhukov served as a Vice President of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL) for 15 years, finally becoming an Honorary Director of the Institute. He was awarded with a gold medal and a diploma from the International Astronautical Federation and the IISL respectively for his contributions to the scientific development of International space law issues.

In April 2014 his 90th birthday was celebrated in Moscow with a conference organised by the People’s Friendship University.

Event: Strategic Space Law Intensive Program

Source – McGill IASL:

Strategic Space Law Intensive Program
Event Share to:FacebookTwitterGoogle PlusEmail
27 Oct 2014 to31 Oct 2014
Chancellor Day Hall : 3644 rue Peel Montreal Quebec Canada , H3A 1W9
Price: $500
An intensive, interdisciplinary and interactive program designed for lawyers and other professionals in the defence services, international relations, government, international organizations, law firms, consulting firms and industry interested in studying space law from a strategic perspective.

Deadline to apply: 15 September 2014. Fee: 500$.

Download the program brochure and registration info. [.docx]

What is it?
The McGill University Institute of, and Centre for Research in, Air and Space Law, in partnership with the University of Adelaide Law School, is pleased to present the first ever Strategic Space Law Program. The aim of the program is to provide a unique opportunity for lawyers and other professionals in the defence services, international relations, government, international organisations, law firms, consulting firms and industry around the world to study space law in a strategic context. The Montreal program will be run as a one-week intensive, interdisciplinary, interactive workshop (non-assessable) at the Institute of Air and Space Law, McGill University in October 2014. Thereafter, the program will be repeated in the form of a graduate course (assessable for academic credit) at the University of Adelaide Law School during the first semester of 2015. On both occasions, the substantive content of the program will be the same and will be delivered by world-class academics, legal and policy advisors and subject-matter experts drawn from government, civil society (including academia) and commerce.

Highlights
23 core lectures from experts on the principles and concepts involved in the various disciplines that touch on Strategic Space Law.
Hands-on workshops and practical exercises linked to lectures, on topics such as space traffic management, military use of spectrum, space debris and simulated legal, policy and commercial problem-solving and debate.
Social and other networking activities.
Professional visits to relevant sites (may include the Canadian Space Agency and Woomera launch site in South Australia).
Why study Strategic Space Law?
Today there are approximately 1,100 active satellites in orbit and the number of States directly involved in launching or operating satellites has grown substantially since the dawn of the space age. Even States that have no direct involvement in launching or operating satellites rely heavily on space infrastructure: for television, radio, banking, communications, transport, agriculture, mining, and especially for modern military services. Yet, those satellites are under increasing threat from 100,000s of pieces of space debris and increasing harmful radio interference. Furthermore, some States already possess counter-space weapons and other means capable of destroying or disrupting satellites and other States have plans to develop those capabilities. There is also greater competition for use of the limited radio frequency spectrum and prime orbital slots that are indispensable for the operation of all satellites.

Outer space is becoming more contested, congested and competitive. Concurrently, the global security situation generally is less certain. Financial and other constraints have made global powers more inward-looking and less likely to deploy forces globally – except through the sort of ‘remote reach’ capabilities that rely on space infrastructure (such as uninhabited aerial vehicles and cyber warfare). Secure, ongoing access to fossil fuels is a growing concern, yet all States are wary of the nuclear energy option and its relationship to the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Ballistic missiles, as the means of delivery of nuclear weapons, involve space flight and ballistic missile defence also relies on space-based infrastructure. Thus, space is a key element in global security, yet it is also increasingly vulnerable.

Contact Information
Contact: Ms Maria D’Amico
Organization: Institute of Air and Space Law, McGill University
Email: maria.damico@mcgill.ca
Office Phone: 1-514-398-5095

H.R. 5036: Satellite Television Access Reauthorization Act of 2014

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H.R. 5036: Satellite Television Access Reauthorization Act of 2014 was introduced on July 10, 2014 by Rep. Howard Coble:

H.R.5036 — Satellite Television Access Reauthorization Act of 2014 (Introduced in House – IH)

HR 5036 IH

113th CONGRESS
2d Session

H. R. 5036
To amend title 17, United States Code, to extend expiring provisions of the Satellite Television Extension and Localism Act of 2010.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
July 9, 2014

Mr. COBLE (for himself and Mr. GOODLATTE) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

A BILL
To amend title 17, United States Code, to extend expiring provisions of the Satellite Television Extension and Localism Act of 2010.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the `Satellite Television Access Reauthorization Act of 2014′.
SEC. 2. REAUTHORIZATION.

Chapter 1 of title 17, United States Code, is amended–
(1) in section 111(d)(3)–
(A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking `clause’ and inserting `paragraph’; and
(B) in subparagraph (B), by striking `clause’ and inserting `paragraph’; and
(2) in section 119–
(A) in subsection (c)(1)(E), by striking `2014′ and inserting `2019′; and
(B) in subsection (e), by striking `2014′ and inserting `2019′.
SEC. 3. TERMINATION OF LICENSE.

(a) In General- Section 119 of title 17, United States Code, as amended in section 2, is amended by adding at the end the following:
`(h) Termination of License- This section shall cease to be effective on December 31, 2019.’.
(b) Conforming Amendment- Section 107(a) of the Satellite Television Extension and Localism Act of 2010 (17 U.S.C. 119 note) is repealed.

S. 1681: Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (signed into law)

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Source – The White House:

The White House
Office of the Press Secretary

For Immediate Release July 07, 2014
Statement by the Press Secretary on S. 1681

On Monday, July 7, 2014, the President signed into law:

S. 1681, the “Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014,” which authorizes fiscal year 2014 appropriations for U.S. intelligence-related activities and establishes and provides other authorities concerning U.S. intelligence and counter-terrorism activities.

Disasters Charter: Flood in Brazil

The Disasters Charter was activated for a Flood in Brazil:

Flood in Brazil

Type of Event: Flood
Location of Event: Rio Grande do Sul – Brazil
Date of Charter Activation: 04 July 2014
Charter Requestor: Brazilian Disaster and Risk Management National Centre (CENAD)
Project Management: INPE

Description of the Event
Torrential rain in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, has caused flooding which has led to two deaths and an estimated 20,000 people evacuated.

Rio Grande do Sul is Brazil’s most southern state, and borders Uruguay and Argentina. A state of emergency was declared in the state on 4 July 2014, following over a week of rain which began on 26 June. So far 115 towns and cities have been affected by the flooding across the state, which includes the state capital, Porto Allegre.
It is believed that the weather has been caused by the El Niño effect, which warms the Pacific Ocean and usually results in hot and wet summers for South America.

This latest flood follows on from another batch of torrential rain which affected southern Brazil, and particularly Rio Grande do Sul’s nearby states of Santa Catarina and Paraná, in early June. The prolonged rainfall is expected to harm the area’s agricultural production, due to saturated ground conditions. The Institute of Meteorology has reported that this was the wettest winter Brazil has experienced since 1983.